ABSTRACT
In this paper I will discuss the topics of malaria disease. I will
discuss the symptoms of malaria, the preventions of malaria, and the
treatment of malaria. In my conclusion I will sum up all the information
and who ever reads my paper will have a good understanding of this disease
and the knowledge that if they ever come across this in their life time
they will be able to handle it will especially if they are going to be a
nurse. Most people in America don’t know much about this disease but it’s
good to know because our country has lots of people coming from all over
the world and as nurses we have to give care to these people and we should
have understanding about other disease that may not be so common in America
but is around the world. One day it might be common in this country as well
by people bring it to this country so we should know about this serious and
fatal disease. And then when you are infected by the virus you have to get
treated within the next 2 months but doesn’t mean that you will be showing
signs of the virus
Malaria 3
There are 2.1 million people living in malaria areas of the world and
that 270 million people develop new malaria infections every year (Hoffman,
1991). Malaria is one of the planets deadliest disease and one of the
leading causes of sickness in poor developing countries. Malaria is a
serious, sometimes fetal disease caused by a parasite. There are four types
of malaria that infect people: Plasmodium Falciparum, P. Vivax, P. Ovale,
and P. Malaria. Because of this disease I will tell about all the symptoms,
preventions, and the treatment to better inform you.

Malaria affects mostly children and pregnant women. Malaria affects
children mostly under five years of age. Every minute malaria kills three
children a day (Rabinovich, 2002). Pregnant women with malaria are most
likely to develop anemia and with severe anemia there is a high risk to
maternal death. Infants born with mothers with malaria are more likely to
have low birth weight, which is the single greatest risk factor for death
during the first months of life. As nurses we are to tell anyone who is
going to a different country especially one that is infected with malaria
that they have to take all the precautions to prevent malaria. If they are
taking children, planning to have children, or they are already pregnant
you as nurses have to provide all the information to them to prevent the
risk of them or their children from any harm.

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The first thing I wanted to talk about was the symptoms of malaria.

When you are infected with malaria disease you may not even know you were
infected. Most people get symptoms beginning ten days to four weeks after
infected. They can feel ill early as eight days or up to a year later. This
type of malaria P. Vivax, P. Ovale can rest in the
Malaria 4
liver for several months up to four years after infection and later invade
red blood cells causing sickness. Symptoms of malaria include fever, flu
like illness, shaking chills, headaches, muscle aches, nausea, vomiting,
and bloody diarrhea. Malaria can also cause jaundice because of the loss of
red blood cells. If you have Plasmodium Falciparum you can have kidney
failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death. As nurses if a
patient comes in with these symptoms you can just say its flu because
malaria can seem like you have flu but you don’t. You have to ask them if
they have been to any different country lately especially one with malaria.

There have been a lot of deaths that could have been prevented if only the
nurses and doctors had determined it wasn’t a flu but malaria and treated
it properly.

I second thing wanted to talk about are the preventions of malaria.

Malaria occurs mostly at night when the insects come out to feed. You have
to wear long sleeve shirts and long pants and make sure you aren’t wearing
dark color clothing. You also have to make sure you have insect repellent
on when skin is exposed. When sleeping at night make sure to sleep under
insect repellant nets to prevent infection.

The treatment of malaria includes several drugs. Chloroquine
Mefloquine is effective against all four human malaria (Hoffman, 1991).

Malaria prevention is difficult and likely to change during the coming
years. None