The bourgeoisie and proletariet have both similarities and differences in
their emergence and development as a class. They both emerged out of a
separate society and developed their own. The bourgeoisie grew out of the
feudal society and the need to develop a modern industry. The proletarians
grew out of the bourgeoisie society and their need for change and
stability. They both need to have centralized power in order for each
society to grow. The bourgeoisie has centralized their means of production
and has concentrated property in a few hands (p. 13). The proletariet has
formed trade unions in order to gain more power. Both these initiatives
have formed political parties. The differences among these two classes are
great. The bourgeoisie people are always in need for growth and change.

They are constantly revolutionizing their means of production (p.12). They
are an independent society. With their development of a modern industry
they have brought many different societies through out the nation to depend
on them (p. 13). The proletarians are on the other hand very dependent on
the bourgeoisie for survival. Without them they could not exist. The
proletarian grew out of the bourgeoisie’s exploitation of the working
laborer. Without the constant development of modern industry the
proletarian would not be able to work and their plight would be no more.

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With the development of modern industry the proletarian not only increases
in number, it becomes concentrated in greater masses; it’s strength grows
(p. 17). The proletarians own no property while the bourgeoisie own
industries (p. 20). All these struggles described in the Communist
Manifesto are still going on today. The modern bourgeoisie are the
Microsoft corporations of the world. The proletarians are the the working
class unions. Not much has changed from 1848 till now.


The Ideas and thoughts of Karl Marx by: John Rosini The latter part of the
nineteenth century was teeming with evolving social and economic ideas.

Karl Marx(1818-1893) was a proponent of many of the radical ideas
circulating at the time about class structure. The views of the social
structure of society came about through the development of ideals taken
from past revolutions and the ongoing clash of individuals and organized
assemblies(Mckay, 1987: 234). As the Industrial Revolution moved forward,
it paved the way for growing commerce, but also led to a the widening gap
between the classes. The persecution of one class by another has
historically allowed the advancement of mankind to continue. These clashes,
whether ending with positive or negative results, allow Man to evolve as a
species, defining himself within the social structure of nature(Haberman,
1987: 69). Man’s competitive spirit allows for this evolution through the
production of something which is different, not necessarily productive, but
differing from the present norm and untried through previous generations.

During the time of the Industrial Revolution, mankind was moving forward
very rapidly, but at the price of the working-class. Wages were given
sparsely, and when capital accumulation improved, the money paid for labor
did not reflect this prosperity. This, therefore, accelerated the downfall
of the proletariat and progressed towards a justifiable revolt against the
oppressive bourgeoisie or middle class(Marx, 1848: 1-56). The conclusion of
this revolt was envisioned to be a classless society, one which would seem
to eliminate the existing economic disparities. Again Marx was at the
forefront of this philosophy. Marx believed that the overthrow of
capitalism would create a socialist society eventually flourishing into
communism. He was the philosophical analyses who created communism and saw
it as an achievable goal. This led him to being banished from both his
native land of Germany and then France. Eventually he settled in England.

(Compton’s Encyclopedia, Karl Marx: 121) Through dialectical processing,
Marx was able to synthesize a theory of a classless society. This society
would be achievable by uniting the proletarians and overthrowing of the
governing bourgeoisie. For the working-class man does not benefit from the
labor for which he provides. His labor is external to himself and is not
actually belonging to his essential being. Therefore in work, the
proletarian denies himself and does not validate his worthiness as an
individual.(Haberman,1987: 183) The worker has no existence except to work,
which furthers the employer, but degrades the laborer and eventually
results in a grasping individual. Marx did not accept Society’s class
discrimination. Marx hoped that with the unification of the working-class,
they could be able to better themselves and their lives, and in doing so,
better society on the whole. This of course, was a purely theoretical idea,
but one that Marx felt was attainable. The