of Early civilizations
After reading the articles on early civilization,
I’ve identified several similarities and differences about the people who
were from these three cultures. The civilizations in the articles include,
the people from Mesopotamia, the Quiche’ Indians, a tribe in early Meso-America,
and “The book of Genesis” which offers a Christian or biblical explanation
of how our own civilization originated. I will tell you about how they
believed they came into existence and what they thought they should do
to ensure their civilization continued. The three stories offered
insight on how the different cultures lived by describing how they believed
their civilization was created.
Creation of Man
All three civilizations believed that
the Earth, all the animals, and Man was created by one or several Gods.
The Meso- Americans and Mesopotamiams believed in many Gods.
On the other hand, the Christians believed that only one God created Man.
The Meso-Americans believed that Tepeu,
the “Creator’ and the Forefathers, a group of great sages and thinkers
created their world and everything in it. In the article “Popul
Vuh”, the Quiche’ Indians wrote about how the Creator and the Forefathers
planned and created the ” growth of the trees and thickets and the birth
of life in the darkness, (The Popul Vuh, Chapter 1, Pg. 3).
The Mesopotamians believed their world
was created after the Gods sent Marduk, the Warrior God to defeat the oldest
of the Gods, Tiamet, the patron of Primeval Chaos. Tiamet created terrible
dragons, serpents, Hurricanes, tempests and just about anything she could
in order to prevent the Gods from creating someone to worship them, (The
Creation Epic, Tablet 1, pg. 7). Marduk was summoned to kill Tiamet,
which he did and created Man out of his blood and bone, (The Creation Epic,
Tablet VI, pg. 11).
“The Book of Genesis” tells us how “God
made the beast of the earth after his kind, and the cattle after their
kind”, (The Book of Genesis, Chapter 1, pg. 13). It also tells how “God
created Man in his own image”, (The Book of Genesis, Chapter 1, pg. 13).
This explains that one God created the Earth, the animals, and finally,
The Christians and the Mesopotamian people
believed that Man was created in their Gods’ own image, while The Meso-Americans
believed that Man was created from their surrounding environment.
The Meso-American society must have been more Paleolithic than the other
two civilizations since they identified more with the land in which they
lived in than the Mesopotamians or the Christians.
A Belief in the Need to Worship Their Gods
By believing that their God or Gods had
given them everything they had, all three civilizations saw that their
Gods had their best interest, safety and security in mind. They believed
that their Gods had great powers and controlled their World. Their
belief that their God or Gods were so powerful gave them a way to explain
their hardships and natural disasters. As long as the Gods were revered
and worshipped by them, the people would prosper.
The “Popul Vuh” article describes the Quiche’
Indians’ need to worship the Gods when it writes that since the animals
could not say the Gods’ names and worship them, they were punished by being
sacrificed and condemned to be killed and eaten, (The Popul Vuh, pg.5).
“The Creation Epic” describes how Marduk
kills Tiamet the Goddess of Chaos because she had planned evil against
the Gods, Marduk’s fathers, (The Creation Epic, pg. 10). She represented
evil and the Gods wanted Marduk to kill Tiamet and establish a place of
worship, (The Creation Epic, Tablet IV, pg. 9).
Finally, the Christians write in “The Book
of Genesis” that when the serpent told Eve that if she ate the forbidden
fruit she would be “as Gods, knowing good and evil”, (The Book of Genesis,
Chapter 3, pg. 15). God then punished Adam and Eve for eating the
forbidden fruit by banishing them from the Garden of Eden, (The Book of
Genesis, Chapter 3, pg. 15). This meant that the Christians felt the need
to recognize and worship God in order for them to have everything that
they needed to live safely and comfortably. If they went against God’s
wishes there would be serious consequences.
Their Way of Life and Environment
The Quiche’ Indians lived in what must
have been a beautiful coastal land, full of lush greenery, Cypress and
Pine trees. There were also beautiful mountains, valleys, and rivers.
Birds and deer abounded throughout this beautiful paradise. This
is explained when the “The Popul Vuh” describes the creation of the Earth,
(Popul Vuh, Chapter