The Homecoming of Lisa W. Douglas

Sitting at home one evening, I received an unexpected phone call from my boyfriend. When I first heard his voice, I could tell something was wrong by the tone of his voice. It was a sad sounding voice, so I asked, “What’s wrong?” He replied softly, “My mom found out that she had breast cancer today.” Well, when he told me that, it just tore my heart apart. All at once I began to cry. It felt like someone had just stabbed me in my heart. I knew at that point that it was just going to be a matter of time before she made her journey up to the good Lord and Savior. I knew soon that is was going to be her homecoming. That same night, I found out that I was pregnant. Having to tell him such good news on such a bad day was just going to be too much for him to handle, so I waited until the next day. When I told him that we were going to have a baby, he went into shock. He couldn’t believe it. He was so happy and full of joy but at the same time was very sad. He told me that he was so happy because he knew that his mother was at least going to be able to see her first grandchild.
On a cold, snowy day in December, Lisa saw my son for the first time. Her eyes were filled with tears and I saw a shine on her face that would light up any room. She got to spend three years with him until she just got too sick. I can remember the day that the whole family went to Busch Gardens, Williamsburg. Logan, my son, was two years old at the time and Lisa and Logan couldn’t be separated. Everywhere Lisa walked, Logan was right behind her. He loved Lisa so much. Every night before we went to bed, he told her that he loved her. Although the whole family knew that she was dying slowly, Lisa never gave up the fight. She never let her cancer get into the way. She kept getting up every Sunday to make it there. Even though she sometimes went to church with her slippers on, she still fought the battle to make it to church. Lisa never let anyone tell her that she was dying of cancer. I her eyes, she was living with cancer, not dying of cancer. She never wanted any help, when taking a bath or using the bathroom. Feeling sorry for her just made her mad. Shannon, her son, tried to help her to the bathroom, and she started yelling at him, telling him that she didn’t need any help. But that was Lisa. She never wanted any help with anything, until one morning when I came over to see her, she couldn’t make it out of the bed. She had to be waited on hand and foot. She looked like death.

Finally the night came when Lisa was sitting in her chair just as still, as she should be. Her mouth was dry and she could not talk. The only way she communicated with us was by the squeeze of her hand. Her body was very cold and she hadn’t used the bathroom for days. She had a bald head and black rings around her eyes. Her organs were slowly shutting down. All she could do was moan, and groan. At this point and time we knew that her life was ending. At 5:50 a.m. Sunday, November 30, 1998, Lisa lost her battle with cancer. It was a sad, sad, day when the Lord took her up into his arms, but it was the best thing for her. I know that she is better off now, but it is really hard having to explain death to a three-year old. He is always asking, ” Where is Nanny?” All I can say to him is, “Nanny is up in the sky.” He still really doesn’t understand what is going on, but the situation with him understanding the concept is getting better. He is not asking for her as much and when we ask him where nanny is, he replies, “Up in the sky with Jesus.” I know that Lisa is looking over us, but we, as a family will all be there soon to reunite with our loving sister, mother, daughter, and grandmother. She will be missed dearly.

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Curle, Richard. Joseph Conrad: A Study. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968.

Orr, Leonard and Ted Billy. A Joseph Conrad Companion. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1999.

Kuehn, Robert. Twentieth Century Interpretations of Lord Jim. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice hall,
Mudrick, Marvin. Conrad: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall,
Haugh, Robert F. Joseph Conrad: Discovery in Design. Norman: University of Oklahoma
Saveson, John E. Joseph Conrad: The Making of A Moralist. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1972.

Ash, Beth S. Writing In Between: Modernity and Psychosocial Dilemma in the Novels Of
Joseph Conrad. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999.


Bibliography:
Works Cited
Curle, Richard. Joseph Conrad: A Study. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968.

Orr, Leonard and Ted Billy. A Joseph Conrad Companion. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1999.

Kuehn, Robert. Twentieth Century Interpretations of Lord Jim. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice hall,
1969.

Mudrick, Marvin. Conrad: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall,
1966.

Haugh, Robert F. Joseph Conrad: Discovery in Design. Norman: University of Oklahoma
Press, 1957.

Saveson, John E. Joseph Conrad: The Making of A Moralist. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1972.

Ash, Beth S. Writing In Between: Modernity and Psychosocial Dilemma in the Novels Of
Joseph Conrad. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999.

Legalized Gambling

Legalized Gambling
Have you ever wagered on a game? If so you were gambling and should have been fined. Gambling should be legalized in the state of Florida. The lawmakers, who have decided that it is evil for you and me to gamble, have justified it as a means to scam billions from citizens in order to compensate for their mismanagement of tax money. First they waste what they collect in taxes and then recover the wasted billions with gambling scams to get more, much more. Adding insult to injury, they pass laws that could put a taxpayer in jail for placing a dollar wager on a pool game. God forbid we should lose a few dollars to a slippery pool hustler, when we could be hustled legally by the state, Shamos has argued this point before (97-101).

Gambling as with most ideas came from Europe. It evolved from simple bets to games of chance, later evolving to cards and etc. Some colonists such as the Quakers and Puritans lost little time in enacting America’s first law against gambling in 1638(Shamos 103).
Gambling continued in the form of lotteries, which supported most schools and public works. During the late 18th century card games were enjoyed as a fashionable after dinner alternative to music in America’s homes. Supposedly during the late 1700’s every commoner gambled. George Washington at Valley Forge, where men were desperate for food and morale was low among the troops, gambling was a daily activity (Shamos 103).

“ A typical colonist in attitude was the untypical man George Washington who was content to gamble at cards all day” (qtd. in Solotaroff n.p.). As America grew gambling (casino) grew as well. One invention had the greatest impact on America than anything else, the slot machine. Invented by Charles Fay in 1895, in San Francisco, California. It made men greedy and the desire to gamble struck. In 1931 Nevada was asking itself “What do we got to lose”. The state passed laws that year legalizing gambling.

The first major casinos were opened in Reno. The next 10 years until the 40’s was when Las Vegas really grew. “Clubs arose, neon lights soared the skies and entertainment engulfed the streets” (Cardoza 7-11). Las Vegas was like no other; it replaced currency with chips, around the clock gambling and nearly a total absence of clocks. After nearly 50 years in success Las Vegas finally took on a competitor. In 1978 the state of New Jersey legalized gambling (Cardoza 15-17).

Does gambling help our economy? When gambling was approved in New Orleans it created 15,000 new jobs and brought in 25 million in city taxes. In addition, it also brought in 67 million in state taxes each year. When South Dakota needed $400,000 to replace water lines and another $50,000 to shape up a failing wall on the reservoir they turned towards gambling. “Nevada offers both tourism and gaming. If the customers want it, Nevada can and should deliver” (Dambrink 7-9).
Casinos do in fact improve the economy of states. In Mississippi, gaming represented 25% to 33% of the new jobs created and employed approximately 10,000 people in 1993. The number more than doubled in 1994 to 28,000 (Solotaroff n.p.). On the Gulf Coast the economy can be summed up in one word, gambling. A report from the Harrison County Development Commission for fiscal year 1993 noted gambling has improved “economic stimulus unequaled in modern times” (Dambrink 16-18).

Most if not all states already allow horse racing, bingo halls, jai alai, and state sponsored lotteries. The new craze is riverboat cruising. The rush to embrace casino gambling on riverboats began in Iowa in 1991. Illinois and Mississippi soon followed in 1992. By the end of 1993, 20 states had passed laws in favor of gambling. The legislative passed a law stating that a certain percentage of patron’s losses must go to the state. Thus increasing the state income greatly. “Many localities see gaming as an opportunity to invigorate deteriorated commercial areas”(Thompson 31-39). The Joliet Empress reported a casino win or adjusted gross receipts of 14.05 million for May 1993 alone. The city of Joliet received 702,500 for that month. Joliet now has 4 operating casinos.

Though the issue of legalized gambling will never be fully agreed upon, we can clearly see that casinos definitely benefit the economy. One major argument against gambling is that crime in the area will escalate. It does unfortunately, but with the money the casinos give to the state, this problem can and should be solved (Thompson 45). As Ivan Solotaroff said, “In the context of a strong gambling environment, casino gaming can be a patent development tool”(n.p.).

One major public discussion against gambling can be seen through the religious aspect. In fact, the Catholic Church argues that gambling does not violate catholic teaching. Catholic teaching maintains that it is morally accepted when all of the following conditions are met: 1.The money or possessions wagered are not needed to support one’s family; 2.A person participates freely; 3.The revenues derived from gambling are not used to support any illegal or immoral enterprise.

These conditions are stated by the Catholic Church (Saad n.p.). Lastly, the majority of the public does not consider gambling to be morally wrong. In the U.S. 2 of 3 Americans approve of legalized gambling (Saad n.p.). What Catholics are trying to say is that gambling is just another form of entertainment.
It is difficult to predict the future of a major industry with such a short history, but with time there will be some form of gambling in all states if not casino gambling. Gambling will continue to aid the public education system and other economic programs. It will also continue to create jobs as casinos widen and spread. Furthermore, if casino marketers continue to succeed, the local tourism, visitor, and recreation industries will heighten and state income will escalate even further (Ugret 73-75).

States will always continue to prosper from gambling, whether in the form of bingo, horse and dog racing, jai alai, or just casinos. If gamblers want to risk it all on one shot, it is their money, their profession, and their choice.
Bibliography:
Works Cited
Cardoza, Avery. Casino Blackjack. New York: Cardoza Publishing, 1981. 7-31.


Dambrink, Jane. The Last Resort: Success and Failure in Campaigns for Casinos. Reno:
University of Nevada Press, 1990. 7-18.


Saad, Lydia. “Gambling Attitudes: Americans on Sports Betting”. Gallup Poll Monthly
December, 1992. n.p.


Solotaroff, Ivan. “The Book on Gambling”. Esquire. September, 1994. n.p.
Thompson, William. Legalized Gambling: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara, Ca:
ABC-CLIO, 1994. 31-45.
Ugret, Carl B. House Rules. Boston: Penguin House Company, 1996. 73-75.

Fifth Business: Search For Self Identity

Fifth Business: Search for Self Identity
In Robertson Davies’ novel Fifth Business, the author uses the events
that occurred in Deptford as a Canadian Allusion to reveal character identity.

Three characters in the novel from Deptford: Boy Staunton, Dunstan Ramsey and
Paul Dempster, leave Deptford to embark on a new identity to rid of their horrid
past. The three main characters of the novel, all of whom to some extent try to
escape their small town background, change their identity to become people of
consequence. All in some way take on a new identity. Imbedded in this
transformation is the assumption that one’s original self, especially one’s
small town origins, must be discarded before one can become significant in the
world.

Firstly, Paul Dempster grows up as an outcast in Deptford, his mother’s
‘simpleness’ leading the tight social world of the town to cast out his whole
family and force’s Paul to leave the town and create a new image for himself.

Paul runs away to the circus in his early teens because of the mental abuse he
took from the town because of his mothers incident with the tramp. Dunstable
comment’s, “Paul was not a village favorite, and the dislike so many people felt
for his mother – dislike for the queer and persistently unfortunate – they
attached to the unoffending son,” (Davies’ 40) illustrates how the town treated
Paul because of his mother’s actions. Paul leaves his past because of the
actions displaced by his mother and the guilt he feels because his “birth was
what robbed her of her sanity,” (Davies’ 260) explains why Paul left Deptford.

However, while Boy merely tries to ignore his Deptford past, Paul tries to
create a completely new one and Paul asks Dunstan to write an autobiography that
“in general terms that he was to be a child of the Baltic vastness, reared
perhaps by gnomelike Lapps after the death of his explorer parents, who were
probably Russians of high birth.” (Davies’ 231). The scenery of this
autobiography seems significantly Canadian, but Paul does not want his book to
represent his past life in Deptford. Therefore, Paul Dempster is a troubled
child because of his mother’s actions in Deptford which in turn force Paul to
leave Deptford and to create a new identity for himself.

Secondly, Dunstable Ramsey is haunted by the guilt of Mary Dempster over
his entire life and he must create a new identity for himself. After a rock has
hit Mary in the head (in a snowball thrown by Boy Staunton meant for Ramsay),
and her preacher husband is crying over her, young Ramsay’s only thought is that
he is “Watching a ‘scene’, and my parents had always warned against scenes as
very serious breaches of propriety.” (Davies’ 39) The actions of Mary bewilder
Dunstan because Mary committed a serious crime in Deptford. Later in life
Dunstan falls in love with his nurse named Diana who renames him after Saint
Dunstan, who is “Mad about learning, terribly stiff and stern and scowly, and an
absolute wizard at withstanding temptation.” (Davies’ 93) His new name does not
replace his old identity, but rather makes him double-named and double-
identified. Therefore, Dunstan changes his name to set forth on a new identity
and he never forgets his Deptford past and in fact he becomes obsessed with it,
particularly with Mary Dempster, mainly through guilt about his role in Mary
getting hit by Boy’s snowball.

Thirdly, Percy Boyd Staunton is at the center of the snowball incident
which is the prime mover in the action of the novel which force’s Percy to allow
the incident to suppress his memory and leave Deptford to create a new identity
for himself. He moves to Toronto and inherits the family sugar business and
drops a letter from his middle name, becoming “Boy” Staunton, and begins to
build a new ruling-class identity for his renamed self. “As Ramsay explains,
“he was always the quintessence of something that somebody else had recognized
and defined,” (Davies’ 147) his new identity allows Boy to start a new life and
leave Deptford in the past. Also, Boy brings with him into his new life his
Deptford wife Leola, whom he tries to change into “the perfect wife for a rising
young entrepreneur in sugar.” (Davies’ 151) She cannot lose her small-town
background as well as Boy, and she falls by the wayside, eventually committing
suicide. Although, Boy is the antagonist character of the novel, his new
identity embraces him as one of the most powerful men in Canada, but he will
always hold the guilt from the snowball incident which occurred in Deptford.

To conclude, the actions that occurred in Deptford change the whole
basis of the novel. Thus while Boy and Magnus have taken on new identities and
tried to displace their old ones, Dunstan takes on a new identity that
complements the old. All three leading characters leave Deptford to change
their life, but the spirit of the little town in Southern Ontario remains with
them forever.


Bibliography
Davies, Robertson. Fifth Business. Canada: Penguin Books, 1977.

Romeo & Juliet: Friar Lawrence

Romeo & Juliet: Friar Lawrence
By Anthony Chan 10A
Romeo and Juliet is one of Shakespeare’s plays about tragedy. It is
about two lovers who commit suicide when their feuding famillies prevent them
from being together. The play has many characters, each with its own role in
keeping the plot line. Some characters have very little to do with the plot but
some have the plot revolving around them. Friar Lawrence does not have very
much time on stage but the time he does have is crucial to the plot line.

Through his words Friar Lawrence demonstrates the he is a good intentioned, yet
sometimes short-sighted, man who is not afraid to take risks to help others
One of Friar Lawrences most favourable traits is how good intentioned he is.

He may do something out of the ordinary if he thinks the outcome will help
someone he cares for. For example, when he says “In one respect I’ll thy
assistant be; for this alliance may so happy prove, to turn your households
rancour to pure love.”(Act 2, Scene 3), he is saying that the only reason he
will marry Romeo and Juliet is because he hopes that the marriage will end the
hostilities between the two houses. When he says “Shall Romeo by my letters
know our drift, and hither shall he come; and he and I shall watch thy waking,
and that very night shall Romeo bear thee to Mantua.” (Act 4, Scene 1), he tells
Juliet how everything will be all right. Unfortunately, for all his good
intentions the play still ends in tragedy.


Friar Lawrence is a man who is not afraid to take risks when he feels it is
neccesary to help someone. For example in Act 2, Scene 6, when he marries Romeo
and Juliet, he is risking his reputation as a Friar so he can help the two
lovers. Also, when he says “Take thou this vial, being then in bed, and this
distilled liquor drink though off;” (Act 4, Scene 1), he is suggesting that
Juliet drink a potion so that she might feighn her own death and avoid marrying
Paris. This is an extremely risky thing to do because anything might happen to
Juliet while she unconscious.


Even after all Friar did to help Romeo and Juliet the play still ended in
tragedy because of Friar Lawrences’ short sightedness.


When the Friar married Romeo Juliet in secrecy, he did not think of all the
complications that would arise but instead went on with the marriage because at
that time he thought it was the right thing to do. In Act 4, Scene 1, he gave
Juliet a sleeping potion without thinking of the possible outcomes of such an
outrages plan. He admits that much of the fault of the tragedy lies in his
hands when he says “And her I stand both to impeach and purge myself condemned
and myself excused”, and when he say “Her nurse is privy; and, if aught in this
miscarried by myself…” (Act 5, Scene 3).


Although Friar Lawrence does not have an especially large role, his role is
none the less important. It is because of his good intentions that he was
willing to help his friends that Romeo and Juliet were married – a key event in
the play. It is because of his willingness to take risks for his friends that
Juliet aqquired the sleeping potion – another key event in the play. Finally,
it was the shortsightedness of his actions that in part led to the deaths of the
two lead characters. This demonstartes that Friar Lawrence was a man who was a
man with good intentions who was willing to take risks to help his frieneds. If
he had been any other way, the play might not have turned out the way it did.


English

Socrates8217s argument with Crito

Socrates has presented a period of questions and answers through dialogue with Crito to examine if he going into exile will damage his reputation. Socrates questions and answers with Crito establishes that a person must decide whether the society he or she lives has a just reasoning behind it’s own standards of right and wrong and that a person must have pride in the life that he or she leads. By confirming these two concepts through questions, Socrates attempted to prove to his companion Crito, that the choice that he has made is just: “I am the kind of man who listens only to the argument that on reflection seems best to me. I cannot, now that this fate has come upon me, discard the arguments I used; they seen to me much the same.”(46b)
Socrates believes that we have every chance to reject our society (majority) and turn down what it has stood for and against: “if he is not satisfied with us or the city, if one of you wants to go and live in a colony or wants to go anywhere else, and keep his property.” (51d) If we make a choice to remain under the influence of a society we are making an unconscious settlement with that society to live our life by its standards and virtues. By living in Athen for 70 years Socrates has agreed to have faith in the cities virtues and in the force of decisions that are imposed upon him and as a citizen he respects them. Any person that disobeys these laws deliberately attempts to destroy these laws and the society that has created them: “However, that whoever of you remains when he sees how we conduct our trials and manage the city in other ways, has in fact come to an agreement with us to obey our instructions.” (51e). If the decisions of the city are not respected as honourable, the structure of that civilization will fall to pieces. If a person is found violating the standards of his or her society and does not accept the consequences of his or her actions there can’t be a system of law that construct order. “You must either persuade it or obey its orders, and endure in silence whatever it instructs you to endure, whether blows or bonds, and if it leads you into war or be wounded or killed you must obey.”(51b)
Socrates adjusts these theories to the option to escape from his captors and abandon their conclusion on his future. Crito begins to understand Socrates view in his suggestion. “the only valid consideration is whether we should be acting rightly in giving with the escape, or whether in truth we shall do wrong in doing all this.” (49c) Socrates concludes that if he followed Crito’s advice he would be committing several dishonest actions against his own society that were build by his ancestors. To disobey your own society, is to let down your own parent’s virtues that taught you what is right and wrong: “be honoured more then your mother, your father, and all your ancestors, …and that it counts for more among the gods and sensible men, that you must worship it”(51b)
By constructing the concept of right and wrong, in the beginning of the part, Socrates creates an argument that he cannot do something dishonest. Running away from decision that his own society has made would bring shame to his family and nobility. Even if he have been wrong imprisoned and sentenced to death, he strongly believes that two wrongs cannot make one right! He believes with vigor in his moral principles and his society’s values. He also believes his judgments are correct in his actions. Therefore he would make himself a traitor and guilty in everyone’s eyes if he escaped into exile.

Socrates succeeded to defend his actions by showing how shocking it would be to break the rules. Considering all of his points that he made in his defense, Socrates can continue to keep his dignity, and sense of right and wrong. He has shown others, such as Crito and myself that there is a pleasure in not agreeing an “empty” victory and sustaining ones own innocence cause your soul may live for many societies in the future. By bringing together what is right and a person’s belief he has created a perfect truth, the idea of a perfect and discipline society.
Bibliography:

Edgar allen poe

In Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Pit and the Pendulum” and “The Masque of the Red Death”, the author uses different symbolism to illustrate the image of death. In both of these stories, death is the final result of a punishment, the end of a human’s life. However, in the first story, Poe shows us that there exists something in human ‘s life that is more terrible than death. And in the second story, Poe tells us that death is inevitable and it is useless if you try to escape it.
From the beginning of “The Pit and the Pendulum”, Poe starts to show us the desperation and the terror the narrator feels in the prison. He is alone and lost, he can’t see anything and hear any voice. It makes him feel hopeless and scared. The complete dark pit where the Inquisition shuts the narrator up creates an atmosphere of death and fear. The fact that the pit is an abyss makes the readers think of death. In addition, the ceiling of the prison where a huge pendulum with a scythe hangs shows that the narrator’s life is in danger. The image of death becomes clearer when the narrator finds out that the pendulum is in motion. “But what mainly disturbed me was the idea that it had perceptibly descended. I now observed- with what horror it is needless to say- that its neither extremity was formed of a crescent…”(68). Death becomes impossible to prevent in this case. Especially when the pendulum keeps going down. As Poe describes, “Down- still unceasingly- still inevitably down! I gasped and struggled at each vibration…”(70) However, when we all wait to see the end, the narrator is saved by the rats. This unexpected change gives us a message that life is full of unexpected and we can never lose hope.
But a more unimaginable thing happens right after the escape from the pendulum.

The prison (the pit) becomes hot like a heated iron. Moreover, “ a richer tint of crimson diffused itself over the pictured horrors of blood” (72) Here, we can make a connection between blood and death easily. Once again, the narrator ‘s life is in menace. Fortunately, the narrator is saved at the last minute, but the terror and the fear he feels during that period seems more terrific than death. In fact, Poe shows us compare to the affliction the narrator suffers in the pit, death becomes a relief. In some situation, death is not the most terrible thing a human can have, in the opposite; death can help us leave from the pain.
In the second story, “The Masque of the Red Death”, Poe depicts a completely opposite situation. Death, in this case, becomes an end. First of all, the prince’s name, Prospero, means happiness and prosperity and this are what the prince has in his life.
He chooses to escape when there has a plague. Instead of helping his people, he leaves with his prosperity and continues his luxurious life. It shows clearly his selfishness and in the reality, it is the reason why he has to be punished and has to die. The fires in each of the suite rooms represent in fact death. “… a heavy tripod, bearing a brazier of fire that projected its ray through tinted glass….But in the western of black chamber, the effect of the fire-light that streamed upon the dark hangings through the blood tinted panes ….bold enough to set foot within its precincts at all.”(58) This description produces a mysterious atmosphere in the west in contrast to those chambers at east. This can relate to the pattern of the sun’s movement. The sunrise in the east represents new life of a day. At the other hand, the sunset in the west means the end of a day and darkness. Poe, in his story, always uses darkness to visualize death, as in “the Pit and the Pendulum”.


Moreover, the dcor of the black chamber is in fact a symbol of death. As Poe describes, “The panes here were scarlet- a deep blood color.”(58) The relationship between blood and death is an essential aspect because Poe wants the reader to have a visual image of the blood flowing down the walls as a form of death. This is an obvious reference to the “Red Death”. When the masked “Red Death” makes his appearance, he moves rapidly from the eastern room (the beginning of life) to the western room (the end of life). In addition, Poe describes that the prince rushes “hurriedly through the six chambers”(61), but when he approaches to the black room, he stops and falls dead upon the black carpet. This signifies that death cannot be avoided even Prospero tries to prevent from it. Significantly, the appearance of the “Red Death” at midnight is also symbolic. This is the end of a day and no doubt, represents the end of life. Poe demonstrates that death is something we can never predict. Also, death is the biggest punishment a human can have, because life is the most precious thing a human being’s own. When one loses one’s life, it means this person loses already all has.


Humans always try to prevent death. It is true that no one wants to die. But Poe shows us, by his two stories, that death is not prevented. However, if we think in a different point of view, death is not always a bad thing. Between forever pain and death, I think most of the people will choose death. If we can understand this principle, death will become less horrible.

Computer Crime

I
Ever since I got my first computer. I have enjoyed working on them. I have
learned a tremendous amount of trouble shooting. With my recent computer I have
come across computer crime. I got interested in hacking, prhreaking, and salami
slicing. But before I go to far, I need to learn more about it like the
consequences? One question in mind is what crimes are their and what kind of
things you can do with them? I would like to find out why people do thesis
things? I would also like to learn the laws against all computer crime?
II
Today’s computer society has brought a new form of crime. There are those
“hackers” who break their way into computers to learn the system or get
information. I found out in the book Computer Crime written by Judson, Karen:
That “Salami Slicers” steal small amounts of money from many bank customers this
adding up to a great deal of money. I also read about phone phreaks more known
as “Phreakers.” They steal long distance phone services. Phreakers commit many
other crimes against phone companies.


In the book Computer Crime it states, most people commit thesis crimes, because
they where carious and wanted to explore the system. All they want to do is
exploit systems not destroy it. It is purely intellectual. I know one reason
is that is can be very rewarding. Hackers are drawn to computers for the
aninymity they allow. They feel powerful and can do anything. Hackers can be
there own person out side the real world.


I found out Arizona was the first state to pass a law against computer crime, in
1979. In 1980 the U.S. copyright act was amended to include soft ware. I found
out that in 1986 a computer farad abuse act was passed. This act was made to
cover over any crime or computer scheme that was missed with any former laws.

Violations to any of thesis laws are a maxim of five years in prison and a
$250,000 fine.


III
With my computer I can do lots of these things but choose not to. Because I
know that if you know computers you can do much more like carious wise. If you
know computers you set for the future. I’m not saying I don’t have fun with my
computer I like causing a little trouble every now and then. Well I piety much
covered the motives and intentions behind the most common computer crimes. I
explained the laws and punishments for committing thesis crimes. I hope I
cleared things up for you elutriate computer people, and gave you a more
understanding of the things that can be done. As you have red you can see that
computers can and are more dangerous than guns.


Category: Technology

Russian Geography and its affect on Society

s
Russia is the biggest ruled territory in the world. From Kiev, and Moscow, down to Novosibirsk, and across to Vladivostok, its lands stretch far and wide.As a result of having such a massive piece of land, made it hard to keep up with the speed of human development. This affected Russias political rule in many ways. As its neighbors of Europe advanced in society, Russia lacked behind. Because of the geographical location of Russian lands, Russian peasantry was hard to maintain, and their course of political history was much harder to progress as a whole before modern times. Russia lacked control of its entire population, made the people want to try their own way of thinking, and made expansion almost impossible because its land mass was just too big to maintain in post-modern times. If Russia would have been smaller, comparable to a country in Europe, it could have been much better off with much less problems.

Russia lacked complete control of its population before the 1800s. Although such places as Kiev, Moscow, and other bigger cities were under great rule and power from the rulers of the time, other places that were much farther away in the central areas and to the Far East were not. Rulers could set up laws, but they would not be enforced, or possibly even heard of, until much later when the word would spread of such changes. And example of this can be taken from the changes or religion in Russia. When Vladimir came into power around the 1100s religion was brought into society again starting at Kiev. First he started with the Orthodox religion, and later he converted to Christianity because of his wanting to merry, making Russia Christian. This transformation did not happen automatically. The news of a new religion only came to people through common trade routs throughout Russia. All other places and villages that were much less traveled did not get religion right away. Because of these factors of travel, key aspects of certain beliefs were lost, even different parts of Russia were following different religious beliefs at periods of change. When people from Constantinople came to Russia as they were taking back parts of Ukraine, the people of modern day Turkey found that the Russians were studying corrupted texts of the traditions of Christianity. As a sign of God, people would point with two fingers to their side, instead of three for the Trinity. The Father, Son, and the Holly Spirit. The direct translation of what was supposed to be, and what they were teaching in the Churches of Russia were different. Russia lacked complete control of its population by not having all of the people know that their religion had changed from the old way of Orthodox to the new way of Christianity. These direct translations of Christianity were lost in the word of mouth from city to city, making people not have the true teachings of the religion of the time. This made Russia not have complete control of its population. If Russia were not so large in size, it would have been much easier to enforce all of the same religious beliefs, as well as have better control over problems like direct translations of religion lost by long-traveled word of mouth.

Russias geographical location makes it hard for expansion. Part of Russias land mass is covered in permafrost making it almost impossible to build on. In these areas in the winter it freezes making it possible to build, but then in the summer things begin to thaw. Whatever was built on this area of permafrost in the winter then has the chance of sinking into the ground. Buildings, railroad track, and homes sank into the ground making them unusable. This made expansion in many areas of Russia undesirable for most people, causing a halt in expansion. Another aspect of making expansion nearly impossible in Russia took place during the Forbidden Years, and again in the year of 1649 when Aleksei Mikhailovich made a new law code. This law code, as was the case of the Forbidden Years, made it no longer legal for peasants to move from city to city, nor leave the country of Russia.With this enacted, peasants were severely restricted in movement. With the peasants being restricted to the city that they were stationed at made them not be able to expand, further restricting the means of growth of a major percentage of the population.

Russias huge territories made the peasants feel like they had no end to their suffering, and that they had no escape. Therefore, they tried to revolt. Nobels and Rulers needed the peasants more than anything. They counted for most of the work and taxes of the day, for they made up over 75% of the population in Russian society. Many times throughout Russian history rulers have come to cities where there has been a revolts against them. They would come, take away, or possibly execute, the people apposing the law to keep city ordinances in tacked. From Ivan the terrible and his peasant revolts opposing him up into its height in 1572 with the destruction of the city Novgorod, to the revolts of 1772-74. Both dealt with peasants wanting more than they were getting in society. Russia had problems with peasants that needed to be controlled. Having a huge landmass to deal with made revolts happen across Russia more often because there was less people available and willing to enforce the law to the extent needed. If Russia were smaller in size it would have been easier to control such outbreaks that resulted in many deaths and punishment of peasants and other lawbreakers through political rule.
Russia is the largest ruled territory in the world. Because Russias landmass was so big, it was hard to keep control of its population. This affected Russias political rule greatly. Because of the geographical location of Russian lands, Russian peasantry was hard to maintain, and their course of political history was harder to keep together as one nation. Because of the lack of people in power for the amount of land that Russia had. As well as the amount of people in charge in cities and small villages, made the people of Russia want to revolt and try their own way of thinking. Russias geography also made expansion almost impossible because of its climate in areas of permafrost, and its restriction of movement set forth by rules that governed its society. If Russia would have been a smaller country it could have been much more advanced leading into the 1800s, possibly one of the leaders of the world for that time. But because Russia was so big, it could not keep up with the growing nations around it, nor keep total political control of its entire population, thus terminating the chance of what could have been a greater nation before the 1800s.

The symptoms and treatment for depression

The Symptoms and the Treatment of Depression
Depression has been a part of our lives for as long as humans have been on the earth. Everyone has had days when nothing was going right. But it all depends with an individual how to handled this adversity and how depressed that person becomes.
Depression is considered to be the “common cold of psychological disorders.” This is because depression is the most common mood disorder. In fact, depression is becoming more and more widespread and the incidences of depressive disorders are increasing rapidly.

Before we can go any further, we must know what depression is and what causes it. Depression is an emotion that is felt along with a strong physical side effect. There are ways to tell when a person is feeling down depressed. Usually caused from something that has already happened in that person’s life. There are many sources of these factors that may lead to depression. They can include one or more of the following, unhappy relationships, divorce/separation, financial difficulties, problems at work, children leaving home, old age, illness, etc. These events in a person’s life usually create stress in his or her lives.

Depression starts to become a problem when it starts to get out of proportion. Someone might feel a little depressed after a minor disappointment, this is normal. It is not normal though for someone to have depression that becomes severe in nature or it lasts for an extended period of time. The same is true for someone who has experienced a traumatic experience. For example, a person may become completely broken up with grief after a loved one’s death, after all this fall within a range that is considered normal. But if that depression is still incapacitating months or years afterwards, then the depression has probably gotten out of hand and some sort of help is needed.
Depression usually consists of symptoms that we need to learn how to recognize. There is after all several types of symptoms that must be looked for. These symptoms are broken down into two separate groups, the psychological symptoms and the physical symptoms. It is important to realize that an individual may not show all of these symptoms at the same time. In fact a person may be sadder than anything else may. Or it may just be a loss if energy that distress you the most. But most people that are suffering from a bad depression will most likely experience most of these symptoms during their depression.
There are some people out there that have very few symptoms of depression and they are still feeling very low. And then again there are others who may feel these symptoms and not be suffering from
The Symptoms and the Treatment of Depression 3
depression at all. That is why it is wise to remember that if a person is suffering from these symptoms, then that person will more then likely need some help. The psychological symptoms consist of (a) sadness – the most common and obvious symptom of depression. (b) Loss of Interest – This is when a person no longer feels like doing many of the things that he or she usually does. Including their favorite pastimes.

(c) Unworthiness – Someone may also have feelings that they are not worthy of help or sympathy and may also loose all self-respect.

As with psychological symptoms of depression, a person may show physical symptoms. Also the individual may not show all of the traits at the same time. He or she will usually have just a few showing that they are in need of help. Types of physical symptoms to watch out for may include; (a) Loss of Appetite – People will often slow down or even quit eating while they are feeling depressed. (b) Loss of sleep – It is not uncommon for someone to begin to loose sleep when they are feeling low.
(c) Loss of sex drive – This can happen to both of men and women while they are feeling depressed. This can also increase that person’s feelings of depression. There are other symptoms as well that may also be present such as headaches, backaches, as well as pain in the face and neck.

Now that we know what depression is and how to identify the symptom that may be shown when someone may be suffering from depression, we can now talk about how to treat depression.
We know that life is not always as simple as we would like it to be. The thing to remember is that there are solutions to the problems that they are faced with. The difficult thing to distinguish is which of the solutions are the right ones to take. Most people are confronted with a fight or flight type of action to help themselves. Unfortunately many
would rather turn their back to the problem and hope that it just disappears instead of facing the problem head on. Of course, someone may have to walk away from their problems in order to get him or herself back on track. It is entirely possible that someone take a vacation and take time away from everything that could be causing his or her depression.
One of the best ways to get help from depression is to get your friends and family involved. These are the people that will always be around for you to talk to and get advice from. After all a friendly ear to open your feelings up to can many times give you a clear signal of what you may need to do in order to get past what is troubling you. There are times though when a person may not want to see anybody, but it is also important that that person not shut themselves off from other people.

Depression is a very common ailment, yet there are many people who are reluctant to go to their family doctor for help. They view these people as body mechanics, used only for treating illnesses like coughs, bruises, and cuts. But if you are unable to overcome your depression on your own, your doctor can help out by giving you a clean bill of health. He will run test and perform a physical to at least there is nothing physically wrong with you. At this time he may give what help he can or he may also refer you to a specialist who can help you.
When you do go to a doctor, it is good to remember that your doctor can only help those who are willing to help themselves. On these visits to she the doctor you must always remember to not hold anything back. A doctor cannot read your mind either. Remember that he is human as well. You can’t tell him your symptoms and expect him to give you something and make everything better. And chances are also that it will take more than one visit to him or her before they can begin to diagnose your troubles completely.
Once you have talked to your doctor and no physical abnormality has been discovered, then can the treatment of your depression begin. There are a lot of things that your doctor can give you in the mean time while he or she is trying to diagnose your depression.An explanation of what and why you are feeling the way you do is a great start. This way everything is clear and out in front of you. Practical advice is also something that he should give you. He is after all, the expert in how to deal with cases such as yours and he can give you advice on how you may cope with your ailments. And one of the single most comforting things that can be given to you is reassurance. This can provide an enormous relief, even in the beginning of treatment and can also help into a faster recovery time with your troubles.

Holmes, David., S. (1994). Abnormal Psychology (2nd Ed.). New York, NY.

Holmes, David., S. (1997). Abnormal Psychology (3rd Ed.). New York, NY.

Priest, Robert. (1983). Anxiety and Depression. New York, NY.

La Haye, Tim. (1974). How to Win Over Depression. Grand Rapid, Michigan.

Papolos, Demitri F., and Papolos, Janice. (1987). Overcoming Depression. New York, NY.

Rosenthal, Norman E. (1989). Seasons of the Mind. New York, NY.

Myers, Irma, and Myers, Arthur. (1982).Why you feel down and what can you do about it. Charles Scriber’s Sons/ New York.

Rush, John. (1983). Beating Depression. New York, NY.

Bugental, James F. T. (1987). The Art of the Psychotherapist. New York, NY.
Burns, David D. (1989). The Feeling Good Handbook. New York, NY.


Bibliography:
REFERENCES
Holmes, David., S. (1994). Abnormal Psychology (2nd Ed.). New York, NY.

Holmes, David., S. (1997). Abnormal Psychology (3rd Ed.). New York, NY.

Priest, Robert. (1983). Anxiety and Depression. New York, NY.

La Haye, Tim. (1974). How to Win Over Depression. Grand Rapid, Michigan.

Papolos, Demitri F., and Papolos, Janice. (1987). Overcoming Depression. New York, NY.

Rosenthal, Norman E. (1989). Seasons of the Mind. New York, NY.

Myers, Irma, and Myers, Arthur. (1982).Why you feel down and what can you do about it. Charles Scriber’s Sons/ New York.

Rush, John. (1983). Beating Depression. New York, NY.

Bugental, James F. T. (1987). The Art of the Psychotherapist. New York, NY.
Burns, David D. (1989). The Feeling Good Handbook. New York, NY.